No; a Phase I ESA is not the same as “Environmental Review”. Generally, environmental review considers the impacts of a "project", while environmental site assessment considers the condition of the land.
Environmental Review is usually much broader in scope. Environmental review typically includes issues that are not included in a Phase I ESA, including sensitive ecosystems, wetland impacts, environmental justice, etc. However, there can be some overlap – some environmental reviews might include some of the same inquiries and document reviews that would be included in a Phase I ESA.
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